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Types of Crane Systems and Their Function

In ancient Rome, during the C.E. 70 and 72 period, people used a so-called Haterii crane to build the Colosseum. Fast forward to the Industrial Revolution, cranes became an inseparable part of modern construction practices, replacing manual pulley gear.

Today, cranes remain an integral part of construction projects, both big and small. With many different types of cranes, like gantry cranes, workstation cranes, and so on, it’s important to differentiate their purpose to see the desired results – which one you use depends on the type of construction it’s needed for.

If you’re looking for the best types of crane systems, we’ve made a short list for you. Let’s have a closer look at some of the common crane types and the purpose they serve.

Overhead/Bridge Cranes

Overhead, or bridge cranes, are normally used in all types of industrial settings. It consists of two steel beams affixed to the working space. Bridge cranes are typically used to relocate massive loads through the overhead space rather than through aisles or moving them on the floor.

Overhead or bridge cranes come in two subtypes: 

  • A single-girder crane consists of only one bridge beam;
  • A double-girder crane consists of two bridge beams.

Gantry Cranes

Gantry Cranes

The gantry is a type of overhead crane that’s typically used in shipping docs and ports to lift cargo off ships. A gantry crane is designed with two A-frame steel posts. Light-duty gantry cranes can lift up to ten tonnes, whereas heavy-duty gantry cranes can withhold loads of up to 200 tonnes.

Jib Cranes

Other than gantry cranes, jib cranes are another commonly used variant of the bridge crane. These types of crane systems work by affixation over a workstation and are normally used for recurring tasks. The jib, aka the arm, usually mounts onto a wall or a floor-mounted post and a mobile hoist, allowing for additional movements. 

Workstation Cranes

These are types of industrial cranes designed with a moving bridge that spreads across parallel runways, usually covering a rectangular surface. Workstation cranes are pretty lightweight and user-friendly, allowing easy manufacturing activities and transporting materials or parts during the construction process. 

Monorail Cranes

Monorail cranes are an immobile overhead track system allowing trolleys to carry loads from point A to point B during construction. Monorail cranes make the perfect gear for moving heavy materials overhead in a linear direction, further officiating the workspace and the safety of the occupants.

Southeast Rigging: All the Types of Crane Systems You Need in One Place

For every construction project, having the right material is highly crucial. This includes using the right types of crane systems. Luckily, you don’t have to wonder what type you may need – turn to us at Southeast Rigging and let us help you choose the right one!

From high-quality rigging equipment to offering crane inspection training, you’ll get a wholesome service with our team. 
Get in touch right now, and let us help you start your next project like a pro!

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